The most essential computer component in an Exchange environment is the Exchange Server. The Exchange Server acts as the hub for a wide variety of other services and applications used by Microsoft Exchange. The Exchange Server acts as the information transfer center for a number of applications. The Exchange Server in itself contains hundreds of different components.
Services and support are often overlooked when you are setting up a new enterprise network. The client-server model of exchange requires ample time and resources to set up and maintain. In addition, the relationship between the Exchange Server and the Exchange Client uses data feeds from the exchange server. An Exchange Server comprises an internal database as well as a highly customizable application framework. When these two components come into conflict, they must be completely reworked to meet the requirements of the customer.
Every server configuration has its own unique needs. The Exchange Server will require a much more aggressive approach when it comes to server management than the client-server model of Windows server. The primary difference between the architecture of a server and a software application lies in the server’s dependency on an underlying operating system. Windows Server or Windows 2020 is the most popular operating system for Exchange servers.
Windows Server as an operating system for servers does not come with as many features that are required by an Exchange environment. It is for this reason that the Outlook Client needs to contain some of the most advanced features in an Exchange environment.
The core Exchange Server architecture consists of three elements: Client Access Server, Mailbox, and Mailbox Replication Services. Each of these areas represents a specific feature of the Exchange environment. For example, Client Access Server is the best choice if the Exchange Server is used as a centralized management tool for multiple customers and departments. The Mailbox component will always be needed if the Exchange Server is used for client-to-client communications.
The most widely used feature in Exchange Server is the Mailbox. This component is responsible for accepting and sending mail from clients and the Mailbox Server will always be running on the Exchange Server. When a user creates a mailbox, the mailbox needs to be installed on the Exchange Server and the mailbox needs to be synchronized to a synchronized mailbox repository.
When the mailbox is installed on the Exchange Server, the Mailbox Server needs to be registered to a corresponding database. The local mailbox database will then be used for any incoming messages. There are many ways to achieve this, but the only way that makes the most sense is to create a local database in the local Exchange Server and create the user account that will have access to this database.
If mailboxes are being hosted on multiple Exchange Servers, it will be necessary to add the local mailbox to each database individually. The Mailbox Administrator can manage the local database by using a GUI or can use the Exchange Management Shell to perform the same function. The Exchange Administration Center is also available to the administrator to create and manage mailbox databases remotely.
A number of different storage options exist for mailboxes and mailbox databases. The Exchange Admin Center has various tabs available to the administrator for managing various storage options, including folder, broadcast, and public folders.
If the mailbox database is being hosted on multiple Exchange Servers, it will be necessary to make all incoming mail into the public folders on each server. A Mailbox Coordinator will need to synchronize all public folders to make sure that the folders are only stored on the Exchange Server.
There are a number of considerations when configuring public folders. Public folders must be configured with distinguished names so that users can correctly locate them. Public folders should be stored in the right location, as this will help to improve the performance of the Exchange Server and also to avoid issues with the synchronization.
The implementation of this method will require that the workstation be accessed by a management point or mailbox that can only be accessed by the administrative user. These workstations should have physical access to the Exchange Server and to the physical Exchange Server in order to make sure that all incoming mail is automatically saved.